Deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill essay

In fact, according to the Report of the Federal Task Force on Homelessness and Severe Mental Illness, one in every three homeless people suffers from a severe mental illness, most of which are treatable.

Throughout the next two decades, a string of government actions on both federal and state levels gradually transitioned the national system for the treatment of the mentally ill from state hospitals to community outpatient centers, attempting to mainstream the mentally ill into society, the process now commonly referred to as deinstitutionalization.

Deinstitutionalization Essay

The solution is to put money back into mental health treatment facilities to decrease the mental health population in jail.

Deinstitutionalization Essay Deinstitutionalization Essay Deinstitutionalization—the movement of mentally disabled people from mental institutions into a community- or family-based environment—is a concept that transformed in a generation from a solution to a problem.

Nevertheless, deinstitutionalization left society with a new set of serious and persistent problems. Until the middle of the last century, public mental health in the United States had been the responsibility, for the most part, of individual states, who chose to deal with their most profoundly mentally-ill by housing them safely and with almost total asylum in large state mental hospitals.

Lurigio, and Susan Reed. Worlds of the Mentally III: The exclusion that was the hallmark of institutionalization was replaced by the push for inclusion. Better Mental health services would combat not only mental illness, but homelessness as well.

Southern Illinois University Press. Criticism of deinstitutionalisation takes two forms. Journalistic reports revealed that many of the mentally ill were living on the streets, and children in foster care were trapped in a permanent limbo.

They neither rehabilitated nor protected. Consequences[ edit ] There is an increased incarceration for the mental health population due to mental health treatment facilities being closed as a result of the lack of government funding. Rather than re-examine the state hospital system, the nation frantically overturned the stable existing system for a yet unproven network of community care centers which, it was hoped, could handle more effectively and humanely those previously served by the state hospitals, as normal members of society, not stigmatized inmates of institutional asylums.

One huge development that helped turn public opinion against institutionalization of the mentally ill was the introduction of the prefrontal leukotomy. From the variety of explanations for this turn of events, some argue that deinstitutionalization was flawed in its conceptualization.


Brennan that patients in mental health institutions must be considered employees and paid the minimum wage required by the Fair Labor Standards Act of whenever they performed any activity that conferred an economic benefit on an institution.

By the s few spoke of deinstitutionalization as a remedy, and most spoke of it as a problem. Yet, the society seemed incapable of moving beyond the rhetoric of inclusion and the reality of weak social control capacity. Given that fundamental theoretical mistake, they argued, the policies that followed could not help but be flawed.


Nothing in the move to inclusion reduced the number of people who experience mental illness or the ravages of poverty and racism. Community services that developed include supportive housing with full or partial supervision and specialised teams such as assertive community treatment and early intervention teams.

The prevailing public arguments, time of onset, and pace of reforms varied by country.Deinstitutionalisation (or deinstitutionalization) is the process of replacing long-stay psychiatric hospitals with less isolated community mental health services for those diagnosed with a mental disorder or developmental the late 20th century, it led to the closure of many psychiatric hospitals, as patients were increasingly cared for at home or in halfway houses, clinics and.

Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill I chose to read the article, “Parenting Among Mothers with Mental Illness”. This article speaks about mothers with. Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill Deinstitutionalization refers to releasing a mentally or physically handicapped person from an institution whose main purpose was to provide treatment into a community with the intent of providing services through the community under the supervision of.

Deinstitutionalization is the name given to the policy of moving severely mentally ill patients out of large state institutions and then closing the institutions as a whole or partially. The idea of deinstitutionalization has culminated into trans-institutionalization, whereby large numbers of mentally ill individuals find themselves in prisons, jails, and homeless shelters, (Sheth 15).

Deinstitutionalization Essay. Increases in homelessness, poor community services for the mentally ill, the placement of the chronically mentally ill in nursing homes, the increase in the mentally ill in jails and prisons, and a general increase of incivility in large cities were all seen as consequences of deinstitutionalization.

Deinstitutionalization of the mentally ill essay
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