Plato January 15, One may argue that within a certain framework of motivations, an agent will choose what she believes to be best with the information she has.
Do you really think that anyone who recognizes bad things for what they are, nevertheless desires them? Moral wrongdoing is intellectual wrongdoing, as all instances of wrongdoing can be explained as falsely believing that some action is best Protagoras c.
One may still argue though that Socrates just did not have such a subtle definition. If false believes give a sufficient account for wrongdoing, why move to involuntary actions? Let us search for evidence in the text: Then do you think some men desire bad and others good?
Socrates argues that the appearance of things deceives us and lead us astray. If a carpenter makes a table, there are certain attributes a good table must have, which are universally accepted.
There needs to be the possibility to achieve what is best iff one knows it. Therefore, if she does what is not best, she cannot have known that was so; or, an agent who does wrong, does not knowingly.
This position was challenged by Plato in his later works and, even more so, by Aristotle Lemke, In Economics people that do not act upon their motivations do not exists.
In this definition the wish is common to everyone, and in that respect no one is better than his neighbor.
When self-interest the greatest motivator is concerned, people have been known to act immorally, which appears to contradict the idea that nobody does wrong knowingly. There are good things that appear to be bad and vice versa.
This essay will not focus on these critiques and assume that Socrates is justified in believing that if knowledge of the good exists, people will act on it.
In fact, one may argue that there exists a strong dichotomy between out of a false belief voluntarily choosing badly and involuntarily doing wrong. In a market place many retailers sell equally beautiful flowers at different prices.I will start by briefly examining Socrates argument for why no-one does wrong knowingly, examine the link between knowledge and motivation, use Aristotelian voluntariness as counterexample to Socrates argument and conclude that these critiques fail because of a misunderstanding of how the term willingly is used by Socrates.
Jun 24, · Socrates further argued that it is against human nature to harm oneself knowingly, or go against one’s own self interest.
In Protagoras (Plato, ) he claims that: “No one who either knows or believes that there is another course of action better than the one he is following will ever continue on his present course when he might choose the better”.
"Explication Of Socrates Argument No One Knowingly Desires Bad Things" Essays and Research Papers Explication Of Socrates Argument No One Knowingly Desires Bad Things The argument which I am focusing on is titled “No One Knowingly Does Evil” and is written by Socrates.
Explain the reasoning behind the argument that no one does evil knowingly. Explain the counter-examples we talking about in class and Socrates' probably response Meletus accuses Socrates of accusing the young willingly. Turning next to the group of people who knowingly desire bad things, Socrates gets Meno to agree that: 1.
Such people knowingly desire to be unhappy, since they believe that the bad things which they desire will harm them and ultimately make them miserable. The beliefs of Socrates includes: a) Nobody desires evil, b) Nobody makes a mistake or does wrong willingly or knowingly, c) Virtue - all virtue - is knowledge, d) Virtue is sufficient for happiness.Download